Author: Brian Lozier
Okay, water is VERY easy to do. So we'll jump right in.
1. Start with the default sector, select the floor (in surface mode), and cleave a square
out of it as shown below.
2. Now, extrude it.
3. Okay, the extruded sector is going to be our water, but first, we want
to cleave it a little bit so the water is below ground level. To do this,
switch to a side view, and making sure the correct sector is selected, cleave
it like in the following diagram. Make sure not to cleave it too deep, else the player
may not be able to jump out of the water.
4. Now, we have to set the bottom sector to be water, so select it, and press
[enter] to invoke the Item Editor. In the "+Flags" section, enter 2, to designate
it "underwater." Or, you can double click and use the "underwater" checkbox.
5. Now, if we leave it like this, then the player will look into the pit, and
it will just look like a hole, but if he walks into it, he will start swimming...
and will wonder "what the heck?" So, we have to add a texture to the surface
separating the water from the air. Select the surface shown below, and
choose a water texture for it.
6. Now, that will only take care of ONE side... remember, the person must see
water from above the surface, but also from below the surface. So, if you
press [shift+f], it will automatically select the surface that the original
surface is adjoined with. Select a water texture for that one also.
7. Now, you will have noticed that a lot of times, level editors choose to
make their water texture "transclucent" which means you can see through it. There are
positive and negative aspects to this. Tranclucent water looks nice... but,
it causes a strain on the computers hardware, which can cause bad framerates.
Generally, if you have a small pool of water, and it is a multiplayer level,
making it transclucent is fine, but if you have a large pool of water, and
are making a multiplayer level, it is not a good idea. In single player levels, where
framerate isn't as important of a thing, feel free to do whatever you want.
These are just general guidelines, but it's your level, do whatever you want,
just be sure to test it for playability.
That said, the way to make a surface transclucent is to select the surface,
press [enter] to invoke the Item Editor, and set the "face flags" to 2. Or,
you can double click on it, and use the checkboxes. Remember to make both
surfaces of the water that way if you are doing it.
8. Now, when we extruded and cleaved the sectors, it automatically set the "GEO"
to 0, meaning the surface isn't rendered at all. The player can walk and see through
it. We have to change the geo so the game renders the surfaces. This way the textures
we inputted will show up.
To do this, on both surfaces, switch the "GEO" to 4, as shown below. Once again,
you can also double click and use the radio buttons to select "draw textured."
9. Okay, only a few more steps. You will notice that in most levels, when you go
underwater, everything looks blue. Well, in Jedi Knight, this is done by tinting
the sector a certain color. To do this, select the sector you want to tint,
in our case the water sector, and double click on the "+tint" field in the
Item Editor. This will let you choose a color to tint your sector.
10. Now, the last thing we have to do is add the sound.
First, select the underwater sector, and invoke the Item Editor. Then double click
on "+Sounds," pick "00underwater.wav," and set the volume to 1. The volume ranges between 0,
silent, to 1, full sound. You can use any decimal number (.5, .6, etc) to adjust it to
On a final note, many people want their water to flow, or push you in a certain direction. This
is done by adding sector thrust to the water sector. Be sure to check out our sector thrust tutorial,
which can be found in the
tutorials section. Once your water flows,
you may want to make the surface scroll in the same direction -- this will make it look like
the water is flowing. Once again, check out the tutorials section for the rivers tutorial.
The Massassi Temple