The Insides - Creating Outdoor Buildings II
Author: Brian Lozier (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Okay, first off, please make sure you understand the concepts and processes
presented in the first Outdoor Tutorial. It is important that you not only know
how to do the building, but also understand it. We'll go over it one more time
just in case.
You cannot create a sector inside a sector. You can however, create a sector that
appears to be inside a sector. You also can have a sector surrounded by many
other sectors. Remember, the building that we deleted, there is nothing there.
If you cleave out of the surface, and extrude, the extrusion will go into the building,
but will actually be going outside the sector.
I hope that all made sense, so let's move on to the tutorial. I suggest
that you switch your grid and snap to to 0.1. We need to work a little more
detailed here than in previous tutorials.
First of all, we're starting here where we left off in the last Outdoor
Tutorial (http://www.massassi.net/tutorials/outdoor/), so you should have a structure that looks like this:
Now you have a building that appears to be outdoors. If you want to learn
a little more, please read on...
- The first thing that that we are going to do is insert another sector into
the center of the building. Remember, we CAN do this because there is really no
other sector there. Essentially, our new sector will float in space until
we adjoin it to something. So, switch to top view and insert a sector into
the center of the building. Remember to make it 1 unit smaller than
the outside. To insert a sector in Jed Beta 5, press the [k] key and then click
the mouse where you want it. In JED Beta 3, just make sure you're in sector
mode, then press [Insert]. Make sure you check from the top view and side
views to make sure your sector is where you want it. Remember, the new sector
should be a walls' width away from the outside surfaces, not directly on top
of them. Also, it is a good idea to make the bottom of the new sector equal
to ground level or you will have a step up/down when we do the door.
The sector you insert will most likely not be the correct size. The easiest
way to resize is to select the sector, then go to vertex mode, and move the
vertexes into the correct position. Remember, if you use the [n] and [p] keys,
you won't have to worry about moving the wrong vertices, as they will just
scroll through vertices in the same sector.
See this example for how the top view should look.
Notice that the
inside sector is smaller than the outside sector.
And this example for how the side view should look.
Notice that the inside
sector is smaller than the outside sector.
- Okay, that was easy enough. Now we have to create openings so we can walk
in and out of the building. As of now, we have an outside, and an inside, but
no doors/windows. Whenever I say "doors" in this tutorial, I basically mean
holes in the walls to allow you to pass from the outside to the inside. I don't
mean the doors that open and close and are controlled by Cogs.
Okay, step 2 is to pick a surface on the inside sector, one of the walls, to
create a door in. You need to cleave the surface into the shape of a door,
like the following example.
- Now, you have to extrude it with the [x] key. Notice that it goes away
from the inside, as it extruded to the outside of the current sector.
- Most likely your extrude extended beyond the outer wall, as mine has.
- So now we have to switch to vertex mode, and move the vertices so that
the sector meets exactly with the outside wall.
- Okay, now for the adjoining. First, select the surface that is the
outside wall that the door is connecting to. The easiest way to do this
is to enter 3D preview and just click on the surface, then go back into the
normal editing window. Then switch to a side view that enables you to see
the whole face of the surface, as shown below.
- Now that you have the correct surface selected, cleave a hole in it that
exactly matches the door you extruded.
- Now, if you cleaved correctly, you should be able to select the surface
shown above, and press the [a] key to adjoin. Then, in 3D preview, you will
see that you can now move into and outside of your building.
We are now going to discuss how to make this building two stories high. The
easiest way to do that, from this point, is to cleave the inside sector in
two places, deleting the divider. See the illustration below.
Notice the sector selected. If we delete that, we end up with two separate
sections to the inside of our building. From this point, you can either cleave
a hole to make an elevator go up, or create another door on the outside, this
time just a little higher. You can also combine what you have learned in
other tutorials, such as the two-part tutorial on ramps (http://www.massassi.net/tutorials/ramps/).
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